A Short Guide on Using Solar Energy to Power Your Home

Many homes, communities, cities, and countries around the world have experienced the benefits of

renewable energy alternatives such as solar power.

If you are interested in installing a solar panel one on your roof to harness the sun’s energy to meet your energy consumption, here is a short guide to help you get started:

What are the key elements of a solar panel system?

Solar Panels

These are photovoltaic panels which convert solar energy into usable electricity. Based on your energy requirements, you can choose panels with varying capacity.

Mounting Equipment

The placement of the solar panels is of prime importance; you need to mount them in a direction where they can capture maximum sunlight. The mounting equipment facilitates such placement.


The solar panels generate Direct Current (DC). An inverter converts this DC into usable Alternating Current (AC), which is a requisite for your electricity consumption. Since there a lot of options in the market, invest in a quality inverter from a reputed brand; it will last longer, and prove to be a worthy investment.


They store the electric energy generated by the solar panels during sunlight hours for later use. You can opt for a battery capacity basis the night-time/non-sunlight hours electricity load required.

Disconnect switch

This is a switch which shuts off the panel and is useful when you need to conduct maintenance or repair work or if there is an overload.

What are the different types of solar panel?

Broadly, there are two types of solar panel systems.

On-Grid Systems

It is a solar panel installation which is connected to your existing electrical system. Solar energy and the grid electricity supply is consumed simultaneously. If the solar panel is not able to generate sufficient energy (poor sunlight), the grid supply comes in handy.

Off Grid Systems

This solar panel system is an independent, battery-backed one. Energy generated during the day is used to power the home and excess energy is stored in the battery which is used for the night.

How To Install A Solar Panel System?

1.Identify the place for installation

Pick out a spot on the roof for your solar panel; one where it will receive the most sunlight.

2.Select the panel and battery

Based on your energy requirement, choose the panel and battery capacities.

3.Install the mounting system

Place the mounts at a distance of four to five feet from each other, and on top of rafters if the roof is a sloping one. Use high-quality steel bolts which can weather the changing seasons to secure these mounts.                      

4.Attach the solar panels

Get down to have someone help you hold the solar panels while you attach them. Most panels come with a fastening section for ease of attachment.

5.Connect the panel to the inverter and battery

This is the final step to complete the installation process, and once you are done, your solar panel is all ready to go live.

What Are The Costs Involved In Buying And Setting Up A Solar Panel System?

A solar panel system’s costs come down to its core equipment — solar panel, inverter, and battery.

Solar Panel

While earlier panels were imported, this is no longer the case. You can find well-made models that are manufactured in India itself. A typical off-grid solar panel for homes would cost around INR 1 lakh.


A high-on-efficiency inverter is a necessary investment. You can buy a good quality one for INR 10,000.


The cost of battery typically depends on the night load required. An average one will set you back by anywhere between INR 7,000 to INR 15,000.

What Are The Safety Guidelines To Keep In Mind When It Comes To Panel Maintenance?

The main aspect to keep in mind it to invest in quality parts for your solar panel. This significantly reduces the chances of a short circuit or poor electricity generation. It is also important to always have the disconnect button handy, and in working condition to switch the panel immediately in case of an overload.